Lesson 1.5 – Fluid Recovery Copy


Approximate time to complete this lesson: 15 minutes.

Lesson 1.5 Video

Begin Lesson 1.5 by watching this video (4 minutes, 34 seconds)

Review of Lesson 1.5


​Top-Drain Fluid Extraction

  1. Define your work area by using cones or caution signs. Notify others not to produce sparks or flames within 11 meters of the area and always have a Spill Kit nearby in case of accidental spills.* This lesson demonstrates the use of a SEDA system, but manual pumps are commonly used as well.
  2. Top-drain radiator coolant reservoir.
  3. Top-drain the brake fluid reservoir.
  4. Top drain the power steering fluid reservoir.
  5. Top-drain the windshield washer fluid reservoir.
  6. Remove the fuller filler (gas) cap.Bottom-Drain Fluid Extraction
  7. Lift vehicle with hoist (or place on rack with forklift). Check load points before working under vehicle.
  8. Ensure load locks on hoist are in place.
  9. Siphon or pump fuel from tank(s). Place a catch basin or proper fuel containment under the vehicle.
  10. Unbolt the empty tank.
  11. Disconnect the fuel pump electrical wiring. Never cut fuel lines or pump wire harness.
  12. Place empty tank in safe storage area.
  13. Drain the engine oil. Place proper catch basin underneath.
  14. Drain the transmission fluid. Place proper catch basin underneath.Drain differential(s). Replace covers after draining.

Quality Control:

  1. All fluids must be contained in their own environmental-safe catchment.
  2. For a detailed list of environmental best practices, see “Guidebook for the Vehicle Dismantling and
  3. Recycling Industry Environmental Planning Regulation”. (See below)
  4. Always replace caps or plugs after fluid extraction. Ensure that all liquid wastes are stored in a secondary containment. Secondary containment is defined as 110% of the largest container or 25% of the total volume of containers.
  5. Never work under a suspended load with a forklift.
  6. If you are using a siphon system it is recommended practice to cut the filler (rubber only) filler neck and place siphon into tank. It is recommended to never cut the straps of a full tank and poor contents into container.
  7. Remove caps or plug after fluid extraction.
  8. 4×4 vehicles may have 2 drive shafts as well as 2 fuel tanks.
  9. Newer vehicles typically have a drain plug for siphoning. Differentials.
  10. If using a drill to drill into tank it must be pneumatic. NEVER use an electric drill.
  11. Specialty tools include hose clamps, Spill kit, Fuel line disconnect tool, Clip release-pick.

Health & Safety:

  1. Draining systems will vary from company to company, see management for these requirements. Always replace caps after draining fluid.
  2. Identified risks include risk of flame or sparks – make sure no one performs operations that could produce sparks e.g. welding-grinding etc.
  3. Consult WHMIS AND MSDS.
  4. Standard Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) applies.
  5. Have an ABC extinguisher nearby.
  6. It is important to eliminate any power source to ensure that no components will produce sparks.
  7. Spills should be attended to immediately. Large spills should be reported to your supervisor.
  8. All fluids must be stored and properly labelled secondary storage containment.

Download: Guidebook for the Vehicle Dismantling and Recycling Industry Environmental Planning Regulation »

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